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Biografier.

LÖVENÖRN, POUL DE.

1715-1826. Född och död i Köpenhamn.
Dansk sjöofficer. Blev 1770 officer, var 1778-82 i fransk tjänst under kriget med England, och 1784 direktör för det danska "Sjökortarchiv". 1786 var han chef för en expedition till Grönland, 1797 kommendörkapten och 1812 konteramiral. Han författade en rad kustbeskrivningar för de kartor som blivit utgivna av "Sjökortarchivet". Medlem av danska och utländska lärda sällskap.


Erslew.


GERRITSZ [GERARD, GERARDUS, GHERRITSZOON van ASSUM].

Hessel 1581-1632.
Gerritsz was apprenticed to W. J. Blaeu as an engraver before starting in business on his own account. He worked closely with Petrus Plancius and his merit may be judged by the fact that he was appointed Cartographer to the Dutch East India Company in preference to Blaeu and subsequently held the same position in a newly formed West India Company. With the new company he came into touch with Johannes de Laet for whom he prepared a number of new maps of America in the latter's Nieuwe Wereldt published in 1625. His most important early work was a chart showing Henry Hudson's discoveries in his voyage of 1610-11: it is the first to give an outline of Hudson's Bay and indicates Hudson's belief that he had found a way to the North West Passage. Engraver, cartographer, publisher and bookseller, b. Assum, apprenticed as engraver to Blaeu, Cartographer to Dutch E. India Co. 1617, fl. 1607; from 1612 using sign "in de Paskaert" or "sub signo Tabulae Nauticae". Addresses: (1) opt Water bij die oude Brug [1609], (2) by
...


Tooley.


Bagge, Jonas Samuel.

Född i Uddevalla 1 juli 1803, död 4 januari 1870.
fysiker. Född i Uddevalla d. 1 juli 1803. Föräldrar: rådmannen Daniel Benjamin Bagge, tillhörande en äldre gren af släktets, och Anna Charlotta von Schoultz. Promoverad filosofie doktor i Lund 1829, utnämndes B. följande året till adjunkt i fysik vid Teknologiska institutet i Stockholm. 1838 utnämndes han till lärare i praktisk mekanik vid bergsskolan i Falun, med titel af professor. År 1853 förordnades han till chef på järnkontorets mekaniska stat och företog 1855 på uppdrag af bergskollegium en resa till Frankrike för att vid den där föranstaltade industriutställningen taga kännedom om järnhandteringen i främmande länder och på samma gång göra sig underrättad om de i Frankrike befintliga undervisningsanstalter för denna industrigren. B. utgaf bl. a. Elementarkurs i fysiken, såsom förberedelse till studium af fysiska teknologien 1835. Ledamot af Vet.-akad. 1857. Död d. 4 jan. 1870. Gift 1836 med Anna Margareta Ödman.
Bland arbeten.
"Karta öfver Fahlu Stad."



Stockholm - Mentzer ca 1860.



Ormtunga, Ophioglossum vulgatum - Lindman, C. A. M, Bilder ur Nordens Flora 1917-26.


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PENNANT, THOMAS.

Biografiska uppgifter:June 14, 1726 - December 16, 1798.
Was a Welsh naturalist and antiquary. The Pennants were a Welsh gentry family from the parish of Whitford, Flintshire, who had built up a modest estate at Bychton by the seventeenth century. In 1724 Thomas' father, David Pennant, also inherited the neighbouring Downing estate from a cousin, considerably augmenting the family's fortune. Downing Hall, where Thomas was born in the 'yellow room', became the main Pennant residence. Pennant received his early education at Wrexham grammar school, before moving to Thomas Croft's school in Fulham in 1740. In 1744 entered Queen's College, Oxford, later moving to Oriel College. Like many students from a wealthy background, he left Oxford without taking a degree, although in 1771 his work as a zoologist was recognised with an honorary degree. At the age of twelve, Pennant later recalled, he had been inspired with a passion for natural history through being presented with Francis Willughby's Ornithology. A tour in Cornwall in 1746-1747, where he met the antiquary and naturalist William Borlase, awakened an interest in minerals and fossils which formed his main scientific study during the 1750s. In 1750, his account of an earthquake at Downing was inserted in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, where there also appeared in 1756 a paper on several coralloid bodies he had collected at Coalbrookdale, Shropshire. More practically, Pennant used his geological knowledge to open a lead mine, which helped to finance improvements at Downing after he inherited in 1763. In 1757, at the instance of Carolus Linnaeus, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Society of Sciences. In 1766 he published the first part of his British Zoology, a work meritorious rather as a laborious compilation than as an original contribution to science. During its progress he visited the continent and made the acquaintance of Buffon, Voltaire, Haller and Pallas. In 1767 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society. In 1771 his Synopsis of Quadrupeds was published; it was later expanded into a History of Quadrupeds. At the end of the same year he published A Tour in Scotland in 1769, which proved remarkably popular and was followed in 1774 by an account of another journey in Scotland, in two volumes. These works have proved invaluable as preserving the record of important antiquarian relics which have now perished. In 1778 he brought out a similar Tour in Wales, which was followed by a Journey to Snowdon (part one in 1781; part two in 1783), afterwards forming the second volume of the Tour. In 1782 he published a Journey from Chester to London. He brought out Arctic Zoology in 1785-1787. In 1790 appeared his Account of London, which went through a large number of editions, and three years later he published the autobiographical Literary Life of the late T. Pennant. In his later years he was engaged on a work entitled Outlines of the Globe, volumes one and two of which appeared in 1798, and volumes three and four, edited by his son David Pennant, in 1800. He was also the author of a number of minor works, some of which were published posthumously. He died at Downing. The correspondence he received from Gilbert White was the basis for White's book The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne. Unfortunately Pennant's letters to White have been lost.

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