Ca. 1660 - ca. 1735.
Holländsk kopparstickare. Hans första verksamhet var i Amsterdam där han först omnämns år 1682. 1688-89 var han mästare i Lukasgillet i Antwerpen, 1696-1714 återfinns han i Bryssel och 1727 i Haag. Han omnämns en sista gång 1732. Förmodas död innan år 1740. En mängd kopparstick vet man kommer från hans händer, varav flera bilder med historiska motiv, porträtt, planer, stadsplaner och kartor, samt konstnärliga titelblad.
Phillips. - Thieme-Becker.
Engelsk kartförläggare. Firman grundades av Richard Mount som 1693 utgav G. Collins: Great Britain's Coasting Pilot. Tillsammans med Thomas Page utgav han 1702 'Atlas maritimus novus', som kom i flera utgåvor under de kommande åren. 1723 utgav T. Page, W. och F. Mount J. Norris 'Complete Set of new Charts, North Se, Baltick'. Firman bedrev sin verksamhet ännu 1763 och utgav då J.G. Alganas sjökartverk över Portugal och Medelhavet.
Atlas maritimus novus.
Complete Set of new Charts, North Se, Baltick.
The English Pilot, ursprungligen av John och Samuel Thornton.
Phillips - Tooley.Biblioserver.
Samuel: before 1703-1739.
As a map engraver and hydrographer, Thornton was one of the best-known figures of his time, being appointed Hydrographer to the Hudson Bay Company and to the East India Company. He worked closely for many years with John Seller, William Fisher (fl. 1669-91), Richard Mount, Robert Morden and Philip Lea in preparing and publishing a number of well-known atlases and charts. In particular, when John Seller was beset by difficulties in completing the later volumes of the English Pilot, Thornton took over and subsequently published Book III (1703) and Book IV (1689), the latter in conjunction with William Fisher. He also assisted with the issue of Seller's Atlas Maritimus (c. 1675) and later issued an atlas of his own under the same title.
c. 1667 Charts of the East Coast of England onwards
1685 Atlas Maritimus 1700 Re-issued
1689 English Pilot, Book IV 1698-1789 About 37 editions c. 1700 Atlas (without title)
1703 English Pilot, Book III 1711 Re-issued by Samuel Thornton and further issues to about 1761
Stockholm - Mentzer ca 1860.
Hårnate, Ruppia rostellata - Lindman, C. A. M, Bilder ur Nordens Flora 1917-26.
In 1680 was given special endorsement from the Dutch state to print and publish sea charts and sailing instructions. The van Keulen family's best-known work is Nieuwe Groote Ligtende Zee-Fakkel a world atlas in five volumes, published by Johannes's son Gerard and subsequently by Gerard's children and grandchildren.
As we have noted in other biographies in this chapter, the Dutch produced a remarkable number of enterprising and prolific map and chart makers but not even the Blaeu and Jansson establishments could rival the vigour of the van Keulen family whose business was founded in 1680 and continued under their name until 1823 and in other names until 1885 when it was finally wound up and the stock dispersed at auction. Throughout the history of the family, the widows of several of the van Keulens played a major part, after their husbands' deaths, in maintaining the continuity of the business.
The firm was founded by Johannes van Keulen who was registered as a bookseller in Amsterdam in 1678. In 1680 he published the first part of his Zee Atlas which, over the years, was expanded to 5 volumes and continued in one form or another until 1734. More ambitious and with a far longer and more complicated life was his book of sea charts, the Zee-Fakkel, published in 1681-82 which was still being printed round the year 1800. A major influence in the development of the firm was the acquisition in 1693 of the stock of a rival map publisher, Hendrik Doncker.
Although the firm was founded by Johannes van Keulen, he was primarily a publisher; it was his son, Gerard, a talented engraver, mathematician, Hydrographer to the East India Company, who became the mainspring of the business which not only published charts but also books on every aspect of geography, navigation and nautical matters.
Gerard Hulst van Keulen was a member of the distinguished van Keulen family, which was amongst the most prolific and highly respected families of Dutch cartographers active between about 1680 and 1822. While the family was renowned for its sea-charts and associated material, Gerard's arrival in the family business in 1757, along with his brother Cornelis Buys, heralded a change in direction. More books appeared and there was greater diversification in the cartographic side of the business.
(Sveriges sjökartor – A. Hedin.)