Knight Leontiy Vassilievich Spafaryev (1765 - 30 January 1847) was a Lieutenant General of the Imperial Russian Navy. Spafaryev was Director of the Lighthouse Administration and cartographer of the Russian Admiralty.Spafariev was an important contributor to the improvement of navigation along the Russian coasts. The first lighthouses in Russia were built during tsar Peter the Great's drive for reform and modernization at the beginning of the 18th century. However, it was only until the Administration of Lighthouses was created in 1807 that the Russian lighthouse system followed an organized pattern, becoming effective and efficient. This office was established by the Russian Navy and it began under the leadership of Leontiy V. Spafaryev.As a cartographer, perhaps his most outstanding work is the "Atlas of the Gulf of Finland", published in 1817. His name is spelt as "Spafarief" or "Spafarieff" in the United States.The Spafaryev Islands in the Sea of Okhotsk and Spafarief Bay in the coast of Alaska were nam...
Atlas of the Gulf of Finland containing the South Coast, with the Islands from cape Luserort to Cronstadt with Light houses & Towers necessary to be known for sailing by night.
Grek som benämns som ”historiebeskrivningens fader” (400-talet fKr). Lade grunden till T-Kartor, eller ”T i O-kartor” (Orbis Terrarum). Detta var en typ av religiösa kartor där Jerusalem ligger i världens mitt, de var mer symboliska än geografiska. Runt jorden fanns Oceanus och jordytan delades i tre delar av ett ”T”. Öster var ofta orienterat uppåt i kartan. Asien låg överst i kartan, under låg Europa till vänster och Afrika till höger. Delarna skiljdes av floderna Don (mellan Asien och Europa) och Nilen (mellan Asien och Afrika).
Fransk geograf, son till Nicolas Sanson (se denne). Tillsammans med sin bror Adrien Sanson (se denne) fortsatte han sin fars arbete och utgav flera av hans verk på nytt. Av egna arbeten kan nämnas "Introduction à la géographie" i 3 band (1681) och olika avhandlingar i tidskrifter. Bägge bröderna hade titeln "Géographe du Roi". Familjens samarbete med Pierre Mariette verkar ha upphört omkring 1670. Istället övertogs det av Hubert Jaillot (se denne).
Introduction à la géographie.
Nouv. biogr. gen.
Ingermanlandiae – Homanns Erben 1734
'Circuli Austriaci' - Frederick de Wit ca 1688.
Porträtt på Gerard Mercator och Jodocus Hondius.
"Striking image showing Mercator and Hondius in their idealized workshop.
This famous portrait of two of the most important mapmakers during the Golden Age of Dutch cartography was engraved by Coletta Hondius, as a tribute to her late husband, shortly after his death. Gerard Mercator is shown with his successor, Jodocus Hondius, seated at a table surrounded by the implements of their trade. The fine portrait is set within an elaborate strapwork framework that includes a wall map of Europe.
Gerard Mercator is renowned as the cartographer who created a world map representing new projections of sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines—an innovation which, to this day, enhances the simplicity and safety of navigation. In his own day, Mercator was the world's most famous geographer. He created a number of wall maps early in his career, as well as one of the earliest modern world Atlases in 1595. Although this was the first appearance of the word Atlas in a geographical context, Mercator used it as a neologism for a treatise on the creation, history and description of the universe, not simply a collection of maps. He chose the word as a commemoration of King Atlas of Mauretania, whom he considered to be the first great geographer.
Jodocus Hondius was a Dutch engraver and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe and for continuing publication of Gerard Mercator's World Atlas. He also helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century. In England, Hondius publicized the work of Francis Drake, who had made a circumnavigation of the world in the late 1570s. In 1604, he purchased the plates of Gerard Mercator's Atlas from Mercator's grandson and continued publication of the Atlas, adding his own maps over the next several decades. Hondius later published a pocket version Atlas Minor."